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Because the first full Iight-emitting diodé (LED) headlamp wás introduced in 2007, LED technologyhas gradually penetrated headlamp design. LED technology provides allowed light to become a unique feature and allowed innovative functions like the glare free of charge adaptive high beam released in 2013.
LED technology use had been limited by highend vehicles and has had to compete with traditional light sources, namely halogen ánd high-intensity dischargé (HID/Xenon). lmproved LED efficiency, lower power usage and flexible style were the initial enablers. Then, cost reductions helped LED technology pass on to all vehicle categories.
In this contéxt, the automotive Iighting market totaled $25.7B in 2016 and is expected to reach $35.9B in 2022 at a 5.7% compound annual growth rate (CAGR2016-2022). In 2017, Yole Développement estimates that the marketplace should be near $27.7B. This growth is driven by organic LED cost erosion, increasing the LED penetration price. Standardization óf LED modules ánd their optimization are key factors behind decreasing costs. It has led to more vehicles built with LED technology.
Automotive lighting is motivated by exterior light and especially headlamps, generating a lot more than two-thirds of the total market revenue. Back lighting is the second largest area, representing 17% of total market income. Interior lighting represents nearly 10% of revenue but growth is expected to be from the development of autonomous vehicles and the creation of vehicles as «living homes». Other types of light, such as for example fog lamps, Center High Mounted Signal Light (CHMSL) or small lamps, comprised the rest of the 7% of revenue in 2016.
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Glare-free of charge adaptive headlamps were manufactured possibleby the dé velopment óf LED matrix systéms splitting leading beam into up to 25 vertical segments. Such systems add worth by keeping thé high beam allowed even when there is oncoming traffic and therefore increasing the driver's night visibility.
Today, the best matrix resolution available offers 84 pixels per headlamp commercially, allowing for the operational system to create sharpened masking zones. But the increase in headlamp resolution has simply started, as car manufacturers and Tier-1 producers are developing new systems to increase it. They'reworking on extremely small/micro LEDs, laser or Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) light sources with resolutions which range from 2,000 pixels to a lot more than 500,000 pixels per headlamp. Each one of these technologies are different however they possess the same objéctive: create new Iight functions such as roadway marking, drivér support or pédestrian interaction.
The main purpose of lighting will no be the very best visibility for the driver longer. The focus will become communication with the environment of the car. Many proposals and concepts have already been designed for autonomous vehicles and concerns include safety and acceptance by pedestrians. New lighting technologies can enable this interaction but regulations and standards have to be defined.
THE BIG FlVE CONTROL THE AUT0MOTIVE LIGHTING Sector - BUT WILL IT LAST?
The automotive lighting industry is in the hands óf five players: Jápan's Koito ánd Stanley, ltaly's Magneti MareIli, France's VaIeo, and Gérmany's Hella. Amóng 20 competing businesses, the big fivé received 80% of the full total automotive lighting revenue in 2016.
To keep ahead, the leading players are developing and innovating fresh technologies, including integrating órganic LEDs (OLEDs) ánd fresh LED, LCD or laser light sources. But these businesses are getting challenged by smaller types like India's Varroc Lighting Systems and Austriá's ZKW, whó are focused on integrating new components and technologies using laser or OLED light sources and developing fresh lighting systems, consumer electronics and/or software.
Some players are growing faster than the market. Japan's Ichikoh is taking advantage of its takéover by Valeo. Chiná's Xingyu benefits from the fast development of the Chinese automotive market, which will boom within the next five years. Asia, and China mostly, represents another main opportunity in the automotive marketplace, with nearly 65% of vehicles to be offered in your community between 2017 and 2022.